Most of the computer components work with electricity; so heat evolution is a very common phenomenon. But the levels of heat being emitted must always be in check, or it could possibly damage several precious internal components and connections.
But you don’t have to worry about it so much. Your desktop or laptop computer contains a fan to keep the electronic components cool. This is pretty much sufficient if your computer usage levels are low.
But people using high end hardware or who constantly push to achieve greater computing speeds are always at risk. But what can you do about it? Install more fans?
That’s not always possible. So here in this article we discuss with you the alternative with which computer manufacturers have come up: The Liquid Cooling Technology.
What exactly is Liquid Cooling?
In industries and automobiles, liquid cooling is a method employed to remove heat effectively from industrial equipment and the mechanical automotive parts (including the internal combustion engine).
The reason why liquid is used instead of air is the thermal conductivity (ability to transfer heat) of liquids. The thermal conductivity of liquids (like water) is nearly 25 times that of the air. Due to this reason, liquids are far better coolants than air.
However, as with everything there are also several pros and cons involved with liquid cooling too. You can check them out by following this link – Liquid Cooling and its various Pros and Cons
How is Liquid Cooling possible in computers?
Though the very idea of liquid moving near any of those internal components may seem wrecking, but believe me that’s how it works. It may not be exactly in the same way you are figuring it out, so rest your imaginations as we explain you what exactly it means.
The liquid cooling system in order to gets its work done, depend on all these following components:
1. Water Blocks:
Since water cannot be made to flow directly onto the chips, we use water blocks. These are pieces of metal which are good conductors of heat (usually made of copper or aluminum).
Water blocks are attached directly onto the surface of the chips and sucks in all the heat. This heat is thus absorbed by water flowing in that particular channel.
Water blocks are specially designed for various components. These can be used to cool any component right from the CPU chips, GPUs to the motherboard.
2. Liquid Cooling Pump:
The pump is one of the most important parts of the liquid cooling system. It controls the flow of coolant (usually distilled water) through the tubes. Also takes care of the pressure required in different areas.
The radiator is designed specifically for dispelling heat into the atmosphere. The action of radiator in the liquid cooling system is same as that used in car’s heating system.
Along with these main parts, the combinations of several other parts make the entire system work effectively.